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Biology of Termites, Volume I presents the anatomical, physiological, biochemical, and behavioral laboratory and field studies of termite species. Although termites have been associated mainly with damage, only less than 10% of the species have actually been recorded as pests, obscuring their important ecological role in the breakdown of vegetative matter and their variety and complexity of structure, physiology, social behavior, caste differentiation and regulation, and other aspects of their biology.
Termites may bite and sting, but these wounds are not toxic. Termites are not known to carry diseases harmful to humans, either. However, people who are living in homes infested by termites may suffer from allergic reactions or even asthma attacks. Heating or ventilation systems can especially contribute to the spread of irritating particles and dust from termite nests.
Although termites are ecologically beneficial in that they break down detritus to add nutrients to soil, the same feeding behaviors that prove helpful to the ecosystem can cause severe damage to human homes. Because termites feed primarily on wood, they are capable of compromising the strength and safety of an infested structure. Termite damage can render structures unlivable until expensive repairs are conducted.
Knock-down space sprays, using natural pyrethrins or non-residual pyrethroid mixtures can achieve spectacular short-term results against fly problems but in many situations, the adults killed are quickly replaced by emergent adults. Attempts to break the flys' life cycle by regular spraying often fail without concurrent attention to breeding areas. Where knock-down pyrethroids are used and label instructions permit, higher concentration products are usually more effective.
Cockroaches are among the most common insect pests in homes, schools, and businesses. They like to eat many of the same foods we do and are especially troublesome wherever food is prepared or served. They also may transfer disease-causing organisms. Fortunately, cockroaches can be controlled with a little knowledge about their biology and behavior, attention to sanitation, and effective use of commercially available insecticides.
The scary thing is that cockroaches can carry some serious diseases. Salmonella Typhi, which causes Typhoid, has been found in cockroaches. Poliomyelitis, which causes Polio, has also been found in these insects. They can also cause dysentery, a disease that causes severe diarrhea that may include bleeding.
Too ugly to live. They are butt-ugly so nobody wants to look at them. People just don't like them running around on their countertops, food, babies, etc. They don't like cockroaches falling from the ceiling and landing in their mouths while they are trying to sleep. The sight of cockroaches can cause considerable psychological or emotional distress in some individuals.
An integrated approach using a number of different formulations is essentials against such a difficult pest. The treatment of harborage voids using specialist application equipment is vital in any control programme. Bait formulations contain Hydramethylnon, Fipronil, Imidaclopridabanectin jells have now become the first choice method for the control of cockroaches. Surface sprays can be used in nearby premises or rooms to intercept traveling individuals and include Chlorpyrifos residual pyrethroids.
Ants have very complex and varied biology. However, all ants are true social insects. Other true social insects include social bees, social wasps, and termites. This means they live in colonies, with only one or several individuals that can reproduce, or lay eggs, and many sterile worker individuals. This social organization means an ant colony works together for the common goal of colony growth and reproduction. Social ants can hunt and subdue prey together, recruit nestmates to a rich food source, cultivate and care for the brood, among other functions.
While ants are not nearly as significant as mosquitoes and other medically important insects, they do carry and transmit bacterial and fungal organisms that are serious disease pathogens. Within medical treatment and food facilities, pharaoh ants are known to transmit organisms such as Salmonella, Staphylococcus, Clostridium, and Streptococcus. This ant species is especially worrisome in burn treatment units of hospitals where they are attracted to fluids produced by burn wounds.
Ants can pose a serious problem if they get into food supplies, especially when they start to breed and multiply. They can also damage structures, property, equipment and appliances, depending on where they build their nests.
There are two categories of ant control that will be encountered with an ant problem. There are ants that live outside and forage inside and ants that already have a nest build inside. The ant control strategy that you should take depends on your type of infestation.
The Norway rat or brown rat, having no special connection with Norway, originated from temperate regions of central Asia. The rat is found worldwide (largely via ships). Historically, they have played a major role in disease transmission, a fact still important in today’s world. In the wild, rats are largely nocturnal, live in burrows, and will eat just about anything including seeds, nuts, grains, vegetables, fruits, meats, and invertebrates. Rats are also known for their propensity to inhabit human dwellings and to destroy food supplies. As a result of their gnawing ability, far more food is destroyed than eaten. Further evidence of the damage caused by rats is illustrated by reports of gnawing the insulation from wire and even penetrating metal pipes.
Zoonoses are diseases caught from animals. Wild rats and mice carry several diseases that can be passed on to humans. Rodent droppings and urine can carry serious disease. The most famous epidemic caused by close association of rats with people is the Black Death which caused the death of millions in 14th century Europe. The disease was the plague caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis.
Rat bites and scratches can result in disease and rat-bite fever. Rat urine is responsible for the spread of leptospirosis, which can result in liver and kidney damage. It can also be contracted through handling or inhalation of scat. Complications include renal and liver failure, as well as cardiovascular problems.This is just placeholder text..
In controlling rodents, several methods can be utilized. Traps, Proofing, are some of them and the most effective and easiest method is baiting.